The hottest two sessions focused on water conserva

2022-09-22
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Focus of the two sessions: representatives pay attention to water conservancy and call for the formulation of the water resources law. Focus of the two sessions: representatives pay attention to water conservancy and call for the formulation of the water resources law. Introduction: water is the source of life and the foundation of ecology. This year's No. 1 central document focuses on the reform and development of water conservancy, and proposes to use five to ten years to fundamentally reverse the obvious lag in water conservancy construction. At the national two sessions, water conservancy has become a topic of concern for representatives and members. The plan of a year lies in spring. Spring ploughing season

water is the source of life and the foundation of ecology. This year's No. 1 central document focuses on the reform and development of water conservancy, and proposes to use five to ten years to fundamentally reverse the obvious lag in water conservancy construction. At the national two sessions, water conservancy has become a topic of concern for representatives and members

the plan of a year lies in spring. Ask water conservancy during spring ploughing. During the two sessions of the National People's Congress and the National People's Congress, the media under the Southern Newspaper Industry jointly launched a special plan "ask water China", which integrates the wisdom of all parties and contributes to the development of water conservancy through in-depth investigation, high-end interviews, all media reports and other forms from all angles

ask water China, the road is at your feet

guests: he Bing, deputy dean of the school of law of China University of political science and law, Wang Jian, environmental research center of the school of water, Natural Science University, Xu Xinyi, Dean of the Institute of water sciences, Beijing Normal University, and Zhu Zuxi, deputy director of the Beijing Geographical Society. This is a very useful configuration of cannon e system enhanced measurement equipment

southwest water conservancy may affect the South-to-North Water Diversion

: this year is the first year of the 12th Five Year Plan. In the outline proposal of the 12th Five Year Plan, it is mentioned that some dams and reservoirs need to be built. What impact will this have on water resources

Wang Jian: it must have an impact. First of all, if many reservoirs and dams are built to cut off the river and turn it into a sugar gourd, the flowing water will become stagnant water, the water temperature and flow rate will change, and the fish and aquatic organisms that originally adapted to the river will be reduced, which will reduce biological diversity. Second, in a stagnant state, water will pollute and affect water quality

in addition, there will be conflicts in water volume. In 2014, attention should be paid to turning off the main motor from the South and transferring the water to Beijing from the north. However, large-scale hydropower stations have been built in the upper reaches of Lancang River, Yalong River, Nujiang River, Dadu River and Minjiang River in the southwest, blocking the water. These waters are the source of big rivers. The South-to-North Water Transfer project introduces the Yangtze River water, which is then introduced into Beijing through the Han River. Now, after the source is cut off, will the water volume of the Yangtze River be affected? If it is affected, the South-to-North water diversion may cause conflict when the Yangtze River also encounters drought

promoting water conservation depends on raising prices

: now many places are formulating medium and long-term energy science and technology development strategies and development plans to 2020, and plan to raise water prices. How do you see this problem

Xu Xinyi: the world bank and the Asian Development Bank have a basic formula for calculation. It is known that 1.5% to 2% of per capita disposable income is the allowable range of your water expenditure. According to this formula, the per capita disposable income in Beijing is over 10000, multiplied by 1.5% to 2%, and then divided by 36m3 of water, it is about 10 yuan per cubic meter. Now the water price in Beijing is threeorfour yuan. In fact, the water fee that ordinary people pay a month is 30 yuan

he Bing: if we say that the water price will be increased by 30 yuan a month without feeling it, then what is the significance of the price increase. Our price increase is not for the waterworks to make money. The purpose of the price increase is not to waste water. Therefore, we should raise the price of water now. When it comes to drinking a glass of water, everyone should consider it. Drink that glass of water and don't waste the remaining half of it

Zhu Zuxi: the government's measures to save water, whether to raise the water price or what method, can be discussed again. But at least the living standard should be guaranteed. Different ways can be adopted to collect water charges. If the water charges are exceeded, the price should be increased and the stepped water price should be adopted

the water resources management system needs to be improved

: how to manage a river that passes through multiple provinces and cities? What is China's current water resources management system

he Bing: the construction of reservoirs in the southwest actually involves water management. For example, the Yangtze River passes through many provinces and cities. Each province has the idea of each province, and the Yangtze River Management Office does not have this authority. How to manage the allocation of water sources cannot be coordinated now. Therefore, whether it is to harness the Yellow River or the Huaihe River, the worse the governance is now, it should be the problem of its own management system - ---- Professor Zhao Peng of Zhejiang University

Wang Jian: the national basin planning and regional planning should be combined. The water conservancy department can't only do its own department planning. After completion, there is a conflict between planning and planning. Without paying attention to the integrity of the environment and the diversification of space, the development is not sustainable

regulate water use behavior

: is there any legislation on water use now? How to manage water resources in terms of laws and regulations

he Bing: from a legal point of view, it is necessary to immediately disclose the status of Beijing's water resources, including the national water resources. According to the requirements of government information disclosure, this information must be disclosed to the public. What are the benefits of information disclosure? Provide a basis for our legislation and policies

Xu Xinyi: China's water related laws include the water law, the flood control law, and the water and soil conservation law. These are relatively large laws, but there is no water resources law. I call on the state to have a "water resources law" to determine a certain legal basis for the development, utilization and protection of water resources, especially for regulating people's water use behavior, including raising water prices

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